Ikhwanweb :: The Muslim Brotherhood Official English Website

Tue109 2018

Last update19:14 PM GMT

Back to Homepage
Font Size : 12 point 14 point 16 point 18 point
:: Issues > Islamic Movements
Party for Justice and Development in Morocco: Participation and Its Discontents
Party for Justice and Development in Morocco: Participation and Its Discontents
The PJD, since its creation in 1992, has long been a peaceful political party, separate from its parent religious movement. Its decision to deemphasize religious and moral issues, however, has alienated some of its constituents, forcing the party to compete for their allegiance with more fundamentalist Islamist movements. In Party for Justice and Development in Morocco: Participation and Its Discontents, Hamzawy analyzes the institutional and political conditions that shaped the PJD, i
Monday, July 28,2008 05:57
by Amr Hamzawy Carnegie Endowment

Full Text (PDF)
Morocco’s leading Islamist party—the Party for Justice and Development Party (PJD)—is facing growing disillusionment among its supporters after moderating its policies but failing to gain greater influence over policy. Focusing on economic and legal reforms—advocating the redistribution of power in Morocco’s restricted political environment—failed to gain it greater political influence and opened it to accusation from more hardline Islamist movements of compromising their religious commitments for political advancement, argues a new paper by Amr Hamzawy.
 
The PJD, since its creation in 1992, has long been a peaceful political party, separate from its parent religious movement. Its decision to deemphasize religious and moral issues, however, has alienated some of its constituents, forcing the party to compete for their allegiance with more fundamentalist Islamist movements. In Party for Justice and Development in Morocco: Participation and Its Discontents, Hamzawy analyzes the institutional and political conditions that shaped the PJD, its policy priorities, and its impact on Morocco’s political environment.

Key Conclusions:
• The PJD is well entrenched in the Moroccan political process, participating in all parliamentary and local elections since its establishment in the 1990s. However, the PJD’s failure to overcome historical rivalries and create working alliances with the opposition forces allows the ruling party to ignore the opposition and avoid meaningful democratic reforms.
• By placing economic and legal issues at the core of its 2007 electoral platform, the PJD distinguished itself from most Arab Islamist movements. And though this pragmatic approach failed to influence government policy, it encouraged internal party reforms, significantly improving the party’s discipline and transparency as a modern movement.
• The PJD is committed to internal democracy. The July 20 election of a new secretary general, cAbd al-Ilah Bin Kiran, is the most recent example of this commitment. The PJD’s rank and file members voted in an open election for the new party leadership, a practice not common to most Arab Islamist movements.

Hamzawy concludes:

“The PJD is struggling to redefine a sustainable and practical balance between the pragmatic demands of participation and those dictated by the Islamist frame of reference. The task is becoming progressively more difficult, especially in light of growing popular disenchantment with the political process and the increased significance of strong rejectionist Islamist currents. As of now, the PJD has plunged into exhaustive debates about the movement’s priorities with the costly consequence of losing its sense of strategic orientation.”

Click on icon above for the full text of this Carnegie Paper.

About the Author
Amr Hamzawy, senior associate and distinguished Egyptian political scientist, previously taught at Cairo University and the Free University of Berlin. Hamzawy has a deep knowledge of Middle East politics and specific expertise on reform in the region. His research interests include the changing dynamics of political participation in the Arab world, and the role of Islamist movements in Arab politics.

 

Islamist Reform:
The Islamist Conundrum
More on Islamist Movements

Posted in Islamic Movements  
Add Comment Send to Friend Print
Related Articles
The Islamist Conundrum
Democracy Promotion in the Middle East: Restoring Credibility
The New Arab Diplomacy: Not With the U.S. and Not Against the U.S.
Arab Reform Bulletin: May 2008
How the internet is challenging Egypt’s government
What is at Stake in Kuwait’s Parliamentary Elections?
Why Don’t the Benefits of Growth Trickle Down?
Egypt: Second Generation Internet Users and Political Change
Egypt’s Local Elections Farce: Causes and Consequences
Egypt’s Local Elections Farce
Egypt: Local Elections…the End of the Democratic Spring
The Draft Party Platform of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood:
The Draft Party Platform of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood
What America Must Do
Press Release: Top-Down Political Reform in Arab World Prolongs Stagnation
King’s Dilemma in the Arab World
Effect of Corruption on Tax Revenues in the Middle East
The New Protest Movements in Egypt: Has the Country Lost Patience?, Ahmad Baha’eddin Shaaban
Egypt: Muslim Brotherhood Arrests; Torturers Punished; Other Developments
Arab Reform Bulletin: December 2007
Incumbent Regimes and the “King’s Dilemma” in the Arab World: Promise and Threat of Managed Reform
What the Muslim Brotherhood’s Platform Means
Tunisia: Inside Bin Ali’s ’Republic of Tomorrow’
Egypt: Regression in the Muslim Brotherhood’s Party Platform?
The 2007 Moroccan Parliamentary Elections Results and Implications
Iraq: The Politics of Sunni Armed Groups
U.S. Democracy Promotion During and After Bush