Deprecated: mysql_connect(): The mysql extension is deprecated and will be removed in the future: use mysqli or PDO instead in /home2/ikhwan/public_html/admin-cp-control/inc/db.php on line 14

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home2/ikhwan/public_html/admin-cp-control/inc/db.php:14) in /home2/ikhwan/public_html/article.php on line 6

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home2/ikhwan/public_html/admin-cp-control/inc/db.php:14) in /home2/ikhwan/public_html/article.php on line 6

Deprecated: mysql_connect(): The mysql extension is deprecated and will be removed in the future: use mysqli or PDO instead in /home2/ikhwan/public_html/admin-cp-control/inc/db.php on line 14
Sadat, Mubarak and Beyond - Ikhwanweb

Ikhwanweb :: The Muslim Brotherhood Official English Website

Wed926 2018

Last update20:52 PM GMT

Back to Homepage
Font Size : 12 point 14 point 16 point 18 point
:: Issues > Democracy
Sadat, Mubarak and Beyond
Sadat, Mubarak and Beyond
One day, Egypt will enter the post-Mubarak era, and until then uncertainty remains. The last transition of power was nearly 30 years ago and not much has changed since then: shortages of basic foodstuffs, external political pressures and crackdowns on political opponents.
Saturday, December 18,2010 00:25
IkhwanWeb

One day, Egypt will enter the post-Mubarak era, and until then uncertainty remains. The last transition of power was nearly 30 years ago and not much has changed since then: shortages of basic foodstuffs, external political pressures and crackdowns on political opponents. However, the difference is that now the tensions are not on the same scale. The talk of the political arena, after the shoddy 2010 parliamentary elections, is about the health of Mubarak and in an effort to reassure disenfranchised Egyptians, Minister Nazif announced that there is a system for the smooth transfer of power and even Mubarak’s wife, announced that the President is alive and well.

 

The similarities between the present time and 1981 are all too familiar, as Sadat rounded up and arrested his political opponents including, liberal-minded journalists and of course, the Muslim Brotherhood. Mubarak’s sweeping round-up of the Muslim Brotherhood before, during and after the 2010 elections – knowing that true democracy would likely bring the MB to power -  is a creepy reminder of days gone by and some wonder if it could lead to similar consequences. Some may say that Egypt ’s economy is growing, yet the shortage of basic commodities is a reality of life in Egypt and the stalemate with Israel continues.

 

While new satellite cities spring up around Cairo , there are still villages in Egypt with no access to drinking water – a problem that has been recurrent for years. The poorest Egyptians have to stay for long periods of time in lines, waiting for shrinking loaves. The greatest problem facing Mubarak today is unemployment and a growing sense of despair for a brighter future. In comparison, Sadat’s time might be seen as ‘the good old days’.

 

In 1981, 21.5% of the Gross National Income (GNI) went to the wealthiest 5% of the population, while the poorest 20% of the population received a mere 5% of Egypt ’s income. At present, there is a general feeling that Egypt ’s economic growth is only benefiting a small proportion of the population. Today, more than 17% of the population live under the poverty line.

 

Mubarak and Sadat have some similarities: they are both set in their ways and fear any kind of dissent. The main difference is that Sadat had a successor – Mubarak, while Mubarak has never had one officially, yet many believe he is grooming his son, Gamal, to take his place. It is uncertain how the transition of power, this time round, will play out. But while Mubarak sees himself as a paternal leader, tough but fair, he tends to be more like Sadat when it comes to dealing with his political opponents, particularly the Muslim Brotherhood. Both Sadat and Mubarak have little tolerance for journalists and freedom of speech.

 

Sadat took a political risk and turned away from Russia, to embrace the US in an uneven relationship that included Israel . Mubarak’s role in the Middle East is still seen as ‘peace maker’ but his growing antagonism for Iran is seen to outweigh any hostility toward Israel . Perhaps Sadat would turn in his grave if he knew that some 13% of the Israeli army’s civilian employees are Egyptian nationals. Mubarak has successfully and ‘legally’ eliminated nearly all his political opposition, leaving mainly the Muslim Brotherhood who just will not go away. The Muslim Brotherhood was foresworn violence while Mubarak’s security apparatus – estimated at 1.4 million – is at least twice the size it was under Sadat. Mubarak’s security forces monopolize the ‘legitimate’ use of armed power and make it unlikely that violent change will ever take place.

 

Since Sadat, the world has changed greatly and while Mubarak faces many of the same challenges as Sadat – and with much of his paranoia – it is difficult to determine who his successor will be.

 

 

http://www.wikileaks.ch/cable/2007/09/07CAIRO2871.html

tags: Mubarak / Prliamentary Elections / Elections / Muslim Brotherhood / Egyptian Democracy / Democracy in Egypt / Gamal / Middle East / Political Opposition / Security Forces / Sadat / Political Arena / Nazif / Moderate Muslim Brotherhood / Moderate MB / Gross National Income
Posted in Democracy , Other Opinions , Wikileaks  
Add Comment Send to Friend Print
Related Articles
Gamal Mubarak Blames Judges for Low Turnout in the 2005 Presidential Election
Parliamentary Elections and the Mubarak Regime
President Mubarak Calls Elections ‘Legal’ Despite Proof of Fraud
Former Opposition MPs Unite and Call on Mubarak to Nullify Newly ‘Elected’ Parliament
Mubarak Is President, but not for Long
Monitors Call on Mubarak to Dissolve Parliament after Reports of Mass Rigging
Al-Beltagy to Al-Alam: I Urge President Mubarak to Intervene For Re-elections
Mubarak's party poised for Egypt poll triumph
Mubarak disgraces Egypt's reputation
Mubarak Denies Tipping Bush on Iraq’s Weapons of Mass Destruction
April 6 Youth Say Mubarak's Remarks Are a Prelude for Electoral Fraud
Mubarak's Son Denies Wanting Presidency
Bush blames Mubarak for war decision
Mubarak assures integrity in elections amid doubts
Egypt elections: Hosni Mubarak awaits his managed landslide
The Legacy of Mubarak
NDP Official Confirms Mubarak Will Run in 2011
President Mubarak sets November 28 for parliamentary elections
US scholar calls on Mubarak to end unjustified attacks on students
Is Gamal Mubarak the best hope for Egyptian democracy?