UK to build ties with banned Islamist group
|Friday, February 17,2006 00:00|
|By Ewen MacAskill, diplomatic editor, Guardian|
· Leaked memo calls for diplomatic contact
A leaked Foreign Office memo published yesterday reveals that the government is to establish ties with the Muslim Brotherhood, an Islamist group banned by the Egyptian government.
The memo, written on January 17 and leaked to the New Statesman, recommends increased engagement with the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, the oldest Islamist group in the world. The recommendation has been accepted by Jack Straw, the foreign secretary.
The memo says: "The presentation of any change in the way we deal with the Muslim Brotherhood will have to be carefully handled, in order to safeguard our bilateral relations with Egypt."
Western governments have attracted widespread criticism within the Muslim world for advocating democracy and then refusing the accept the results of the democratic process by rejecting contact with elected representatives. The debate within the Foreign Office has been provoked by the successes of the Palestinian group Hamas; the political wing of the Hizbullah guerrillas; the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and Sunni groups with ties to insurgents in in Iraq. The British approach differs country by country.
The Foreign Office was split last year over how to react to Hamas. The embassy in Tel Aviv opposed contact while the consulate in East Jerusalem recommended meeting elected representatives. Meetings did take place but a ban on contact is now official policy. A spokeswoman said yesterday the policy was that "contact with elected parliamentarians that use peaceful means to achieve their objectives is normal diplomatic practice".
The Foreign Office launched an inquiry yesterday into the leaking of the memo, which is marked confidential. It was written by Julie McGregor, a member of the Arab/Israel and North Africa Group, and sent to Mr Straw.
"The Egyptian government perceive the Muslim Brotherhood to be the political face of a terrorist organisation," it says, before adding that research analysts "concluded there is no evidence of the current organisation being involved in terrorist activities, although it is possible that they forward charitable donations to Hamas".
It recommends that, as well as meetings with diplomats, Muslim Brotherhood parliamentary representatives should be included "when events for medium-level British visitors take place in Egypt". It also recommends pressing the US and other members of the European Union to make contact with the Muslim Brotherhood.
The Egyptian government, while maintaining the ban on the group, allowed members to stand as independents in the election, when 88 were elected.
The memo says: "It will be difficult for us to maintain credibility for our calls on Egypt to reform towards further democracy and better governance, if we fail to engage with the largest and most effective opposition group."
Until 2002, Foreign Office diplomats held infrequent meetings with Muslim Brotherhood members of parliament. But the Egyptian authorities expressed their displeasure, the memo says. "Since 2002, we have had only occasional contacts."
The group was home to senior members of al-Qaida, including Ayman al-Zawahiri, Osama bin Laden’s deputy. Although it has renounced violence, it advocates conservative religious laws and its leader, Mohammed Mahdi Akef, has said that the Holocaust is a myth.
Chris Doyle, the director of the London-based Council for Arab-British Understanding, said: "There has been a certain amount of soul-searching in the Foreign Office. If they are going to pursue the US’s [promotion of] democracy line, engagement is something they’ve got to consider. They are already having to do it in Iraq to some extent with groups of an Islamist background. "