% AMONG ALL
Nothing in particular
A PROTESTANT MAJORITY
Just like how Islam is divided into two main sects, Shi’a and Sunni, Christianity has three major divisions—Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, and Orthodoxy. Catholics are the largest single body of Christians worldwide, however in the
Within the U.S. Protestant population, there are subdivisions such as those who follow the evangelical Protestant churches (26.3%), mainline Protestant churches (18.1%), and historically black Protestant churches (6.9%). Evangelical Christians are those who adhere to strict orthodoxy and a personal commitment to Jesus Christ as savior. In contrast to Evangelicals, mainline Protestants refer to those Protestants who are more open to societal changes and new ideas, but similar to their Evangelical counterparts, believe in the historical value of the Bible. The different types of mainline Protestants are Episcopalians, Presbyterians, Methodists, and Lutherans. Historically black Protestant churches, which held a crucial role in the American Civil Rights Movement against slavery, include different denominations such as Methodists and also Evangelical Baptists.
Orthodoxy, the first form of Christianity, is the third denomination within Christianity and it has a
A much newer sect of Christianity is Mormonism, also known as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, which was founded in 1830. Mormons believe that their founder, Joseph Smith, is the prophet and that the Book of Mormon is their sacred text. Although the Mormon Church is opposed polygamy, it is being quietly practiced by the ultra-orthodox members of the sect, as has been reported by the mainstream American media in the past.
OTHER WORLD RELIGIONS
Those Americans that follow other world religions include the Jewish population that makes up 1.7% of adults, the Buddhist population making up 0.7%, the Muslim population making up 0.6%, and the Hindu population making up 0.4%. When dividing the Jewish population even further, most Jews identify with one of three categories: Reform, Conservative, or Orthodox Judaism. Similarly, more than half of Buddhists belong to one of three major groups: Zen, Theravada, or Tibetan Buddhism. As far as the Muslim breakdown, the Sunni sect makes up 0.3% and Shi’a at less than 0.3%; however it must be noted that the exact number of Muslims in the
THE UNAFFILIATED GROUP
People who identify themselves as being unaffiliated include atheists, agnostics, and those who describe their religion as being “nothing in particular.” Atheism is the denial or lack of belief that there is a god or gods, whereas agnosticism is the view that we cannot be certain about whether or not a higher power exists and that is reason enough to suspend any belief in a deity. As far as the exact numbers, 1.6% of people are atheists, 2.4% are agnostics, and 12.1% identify as nothing in particular.
RELIGION MIXED WITH POLITICAL ATTITUDES
In regards to the 2008
Voters who are unaffiliated with any particular religion contributed largely to President Obama’s victory with 75% or three-fourths of them supporting him compared to 23% for Republican nominee, John McCain. In addition, Catholics became more Democratic, supporting Obama over McCain (54% to 45%), which was a 7-percent increase since the previous 2004 election when Kerry had 47% of the Catholic vote. A reason behind the sudden shift is the Latino vote because two-thirds of Hispanics cast their vote for Obama.
McCain received a larger majority of vote from white evangelical Protestants than Obama (73% for McCain vs. 26% for Obama), however Obama still managed to get more than Kerry did four years ago when only 21% gave him the vote.
RELIGION AND THE
According to a Gallup poll conducted from 2005 to 2007, Jewish Americans are the most likely to oppose the Iraq War out of all other major religious groups, while Mormons are the most likely to favor it. The data concludes that 77% of Jews think that the war is a mistake and 21% think otherwise. Among Mormons, 72% believe that the war is not a mistake and 27% think otherwise.
Similar to Jewish people, those Americans without any religious preference are also opposed to the war. Nearly 66% of the religiously unaffiliated are against it and 33% are supportive of it, which indicates that they are twice as likely to oppose. Jews, on the other hand, oppose the Iraq War by a better three-to-one margin, as the numbers above suggest (77% to 21%).
As far as Catholics and Protestants, both groups are more or less equally split on whether or not they are for or against the Iraq War. With Catholics, about 53% disapprove and 46% support it and with Protestants, 48% disapprove and 49% support it.
To conclude, as surprising or refreshing as it might seem, Jews in
RELIGION AND ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT
It is no hidden fact that more Americans sympathize with
From a religious perspective, white evangelicals have the strongest support for
Most Americans in support of
In comparison, from those Americans who support Palestine, 36% of them do so because of the media, the biggest contributing factor, and just 9% do so because of their religious beliefs. Also, 26% of them cite their education as being the contributing factor for their support of Palestinians.
According to a May 2009
AMERICAN OPINION OF MUSLIM COUNTRIES
The Obama administration did not select
On the other hand,